The rise of sexually transmitted diseases In Iowa have surpassed the record numbers set last year, according to health officials, but there’s one in particular that is a red flag. In fact, warns one gynecologist Des Moines IA residents should really be concerned about the bacteria Mycoplasma Genitalum (MG). This STD is a prime candidate for causing the more well-known infections, and it doesn’t respond well to antibiotics.
The New Superbug That’s Hard To Control
It’s not a new bacteria. Doctors discovered Mycoplasma Genitalum about four decades ago in the UK. In recent years, with new studies, it has began raising concerns. Experts say it’s become an even more common sexually transmitted disease than chlamydia or gonorrhea, and it’s difficult to recognize.
Since 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) considers Mycoplasma Genitalum a pathogen “of increasing importance.” So far, it affects 1 percent of the population between 16 and 44 years. It is transmitted through vaginal, anal or oral practices, like most common sexually transmitted diseases are.
In women, it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, cause pain and, in some cases, fever, vaginal bleeding, and infertility. In men, it can cause inflammation in the urethra, testicular pain, prostatitis, and lots of discomfort. Since it’s difficult to diagnose it adds to the complications to treat other STDS, and because of its resistance to antibiotics, it’s become a super bacteria.
There are no standardized tests to diagnose this infection and thus, it usually goes untreated for a prolonged time, until symptoms appear. Gynecologist point out that at least 50 percent of people are drug resistant to MG which limits their treatment options. The most effective way to avoid this emerging bacterium is with the use of a condom, but experts point out, younger people seem to prefer taking risks rather than using them.
In Iowa, chlamydia diagnoses climbed by 7 percent last year, gonorrhea by 17 percent, syphilis 20, and HIV saw an 11 percent increase. Moreover, a large percentage of these cases don’t know their infected. A smaller percentage learn of the infection until very serious complications arise. This new infection poses a serious threat because it cannot be treated like other sexually transmitted diseases. The antibiotics used to treat chlamydia, for example, do not cure MG, but may in fact reinforce the bacteria.
Knowing The Signs And Symptoms Of Common STDs
Doctors stress, you must recognize the symptoms when they start, so professionals can effectively treat the infection or it could escalate into a health risk, and knowing the various signs and symptoms of STDs can help you become more aware.
- Chlamydia. Doctors say it’s the most common bacterial cause of STDs. The disease is characterized by a smelly discharge, irregular bleeding, and fever.
- Gonorrhea is very similar to Chlamydia. Symptoms can appear about two weeks after becoming infected, and they share the same symptoms as in Chlamydia. Men will also experience testicular pain, discharge that looks like yellowish pus, and painful urination.
- Syphilis is a bacteria that stays passive, and can go unnoticed for a long period of time. The symptoms occur depending on what stage the disease is in, but the symptoms typically include genital lesions, pain, and fever. If not treated after a prolonged period, it can have multi-organ complications, even death.
Emerging development of new laboratory techniques and instrumental investigations has led to advances in medical knowledge to safeguard the health of women, but you must have regular gynecological exams.